Control hub for skin inflammation discovered
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Control hub for skin inflammation discovered

Study by the University of Bonn identifies new signaling pathway to combat UV damage and infections Inflammatory reactions in the skin can reduce damage from UV radiation or infections, but can also result in painful symptoms such as sunburn. A recent study at the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn has now identified…

Hemophilia: Training the immune system to be tolerant
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Hemophilia: Training the immune system to be tolerant

Study by the University of Bonn elucidates an important immune mechanism Hemophilia A is the most common severe form of hemophilia. It affects almost exclusively males. The disease can usually be treated well, but not for all sufferers. A study at the University of Bonn has now elucidated an important mechanism that is crucial for…

DNA guardians out of control
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DNA guardians out of control

Researchers at the University of Bonn discover mechanism that leads to ANCA-associated vasculitis Our own immune system can become the enemy when mechanisms that are actually protective get out of control. In ANCA-associated vasculitis, excessive inflammatory reactions lead to pulmonary hemorrhages that can be fatal if left untreated. Researchers at the University of Bonn, together…

Elevator helps bacteria to build an invisibility cloak
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Elevator helps bacteria to build an invisibility cloak

Study: Bacterial membrane transporter helps pathogens to hide from immune system The transport of substances across the membrane into the cell is linked to specific membrane transport proteins. Researchers at the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the University of Bonn, in collaboration with an international team, have now succeeded in elucidating the molecular structure of…

Covid-19: New energy for flagging immune cells
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Covid-19: New energy for flagging immune cells

Immune cells do not receive sufficient suitable energy carriers in infected individuals, a study reveals In severe Covid-19 patients, the metabolism produces insufficient amounts of certain energy-rich compounds called ketone bodies. However, these energy carriers are needed by two important cell types in the immune system in order to fight the virus effectively. Perhaps this…

A cAMP signalosome in primary cilia drives gene expression and kidney cyst formation
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A cAMP signalosome in primary cilia drives gene expression and kidney cyst formation

The primary cilium constitutes an organelle that orchestrates signal transduction independently from the cell body. Dysregulation of this intricate molecular architecture leads to severe human diseases, commonly referred to as ciliopathies. However, the molecular underpinnings how ciliary signaling orchestrates…

Enzyme prevents brain activity from getting out of control
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Enzyme prevents brain activity from getting out of control

Mechanism identified at University of Bonn alters the coupling of nerve cells The brain has the ability to modify the contacts between neurons. Among other things, that is how it prevents brain activity from getting out of control. Researchers from the University Hospital Bonn, together with a team from Australia, have identified a mechanism that…

New approach against chronic inflammation
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New approach against chronic inflammation

Researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Sao Paulo have succeeded in mitigating chronic inflammation in mice using customized “mini-antibodies.” These nanobodies enabled them to dissolve molecular complexes in tissue that normally activate the immune system. The nanobodies produced may in future…

Facial analysis improves diagnosis
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Facial analysis improves diagnosis

Researchers at the University of Bonn use artificial intelligence to detect rare diseases even more accurately Rare genetic diseases can sometimes be recognized through facial features, such as characteristically shaped brows, nose or cheeks. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now trained software that uses portrait photos to better diagnose such diseases. The improved…

Stem cells organize themselves into embryoid
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Stem cells organize themselves into embryoid

Study of mice by the University of Bonn could enable alternative methods to animal experiments in the medium term Researchers at the University of Bonn have developed a method to generate embryo-like cell complexes from the stem cells of mice. The method provides new insights into embryonic development. In the medium term, it might also…